Which will give effect to a number of government commitments that are intended to support the growth of enterprise in the UK, the provisions of which include:
Capping exit payments in the public sector.
Measures concerning apprenticeships such as regulating the use of the word "apprenticeship" to cover only government-accredited schemes, increasing the number of public sector apprenticeships on offer and establishing a new Institute for Apprenticeships.
Strengthening retail workers' rights in relation to Sunday working (although initial proposals to allow local authorities to extend Sunday trading hours were dropped during the progress of the Bill).
The Act will be brought into force in stages by secondary legislation on dates to be announced.
Which creates new immigration offences, and which brings the following provisions of the Immigration Act 2016 into force on 12 July 2016:
Sections 1 to 9, which deal with the creation of a new post of Director of Labour Market Enforcement. The Director will be tasked with overseeing and coordinating enforcement of worker exploitation legislation by the three main bodies responsible: the Gangmasters Licensing Authority (to be renamed as the Gangmasters and Labour Abuse Authority from 12 July 2016), the Employment Standards Inspectorate and HMRC.
Section 34, which creates a new offence of illegal working and which will enable the earnings, of illegal workers, to be seized under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002.
Section 35, which extends the existing criminal offence of knowingly employing an illegal migrant to the situation where an employer has a reasonable cause to believe that a person is an illegal worker. Conviction on indictment for this offence will increase from two to five years.
The remaining employment provisions of the Immigration Act 2016 are not yet in force and do not have a commencement date:
Giving the Secretary of State of power to introduce an immigration skills charge on certain employers who sponsor skilled workers from outside of the European Economic Area, which is expected to be introduced in April 2017.
Requiring public authorities to ensure that public workers in customer-facing roles speak fluent English.
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